Effective Budgeting and Cost Control


Course Calendar


Outline PDF



  • Accounting Finance

Course Description

 
Why Attend
 
Planning and budgeting are must-have skills for all professionals regardless of their function or managerial level. This course covers the concept of budgeting as a planning tool, a financial device and a control mechanism. In addition, it provides the necessary application of a long and short-term planning decisions.
 
Course Methodology
 
This course focuses on exercises, case studies, and individual and group presentations.
 
Course Objectives
 
By the end of the course, participants will be able to:
  • Defend the importance of linking an organization's budget with its strategic plan
  • Demonstrate how the budget relates to the key financial statements: balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow
  • Prepare the key elements of an operating and capital budget and evaluate the different budgeting approaches used
  • Apply cost control tools, analyze management variance reports and take proper corrective action
  • Calculate different capital budgeting evaluation techniques as included in a capital expenditure proposal
  • Utilize cost-volume-profit analysis in making budgeting decisions
 
Target Audience
 
All managers, supervisors and analysts who prepare or use management budgets.
 
Target Competencies
 
Interpreting Financial statements
Planning and budgeting
Cost control
Capital budgeting
Applying cost-volume-profit analysis
Utilize breakeven analysis
 
 
Course Outline
 
Planning and the functions of management
 
The critical functions of management
Aligning the budget with the organization’s strategy
Road map to strategy
Budget as a planning tool
Control: the missing link
Planning pitfalls
 
The key financial statements
 
The accounting system
The income statement
The balance sheet
The cash flow statement
 
Budgeting: process and approaches
 
The advantages of budgeting
The budget process
Rolling budgets
The master budget
Operating and capital budgets
The budgeted financial statements
Approaches to budgeting:
Incremental budgeting
Zero based budgeting
Flexible budgeting
Kaizen budgeting and continuous improvement
Activity based budgeting
Tools of forecasting
Direct and indirect costs
Characteristics of an effective budget
Problems in budgeting
 
Cost control
 
Budget as a control tool
The control process
Characteristics of an effective control system
Responsibility reporting
Variance analysis: identifying the components of variance
Variance analysis: taking the corrective action
 
Capital expenditure budgeting and analysis
 
Time value of money
Simple versus compound interest
Identifying and analyzing cash flows
The discount rate: using cost of capital
Net Present Value (NPV)
Internal Rate of Return (IRR)
Profitability Index (PI)
Pay-Back Period (PBP)
Accounting Rate of Return (ARR)
Approval for Expenditure (AFE)
Sensitivity and risk analysis
 
Cost-Volume-Profit analysis (CVP)
 
Identifying the fixed costs and variable costs
Computing breakeven point in units
Computing breakeven point in sales
Assumptions of CVP analysis
Using CVP in budgeting decisions

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